Beets, also known as beetroot, are the roots of a plant scientifically referred to as Beta vulgaris. They’re mild in flavor and high in fiber, potassium, iron, folate, and antioxidants. Beets have up to 1.7 mmol of antioxidants per 3.5 ounces (100 grams) based on a FRAP analysis, according to the USDA.
Betalains are abundant in beets, which give them their red color. These antioxidants contribute to the health benefits of beets.
For example, numerous test-tube research has connected betalains to a decreased risk of colorectal and digestive cancer. Beets also include various chemicals that may assist with inflammation reduction. A study discovered that taking betalain capsules manufactured from beetroot extract reduced osteoarthritic pain and inflammation significantly.