The heart is a muscle which continually pumps blood all over the body. Low-oxygen blood is pumped into the lungs to collect oxygen. The heart is supplying our muscles and cells with this oxygen-rich blood around the body. Blood pressure is caused by the pumping of blood. Blood pressure measurements include two different pressure types; when the heart contracts, systolic blood pressure occur. It is measured when the left ventricle of the heart contracts at the maximum strength. Diastolic pressure is blood pressure between the heartbeats, a period of rests and opening or dilation of the heart.
Low blood pressure (hypotension)
Hypotension is the medical term for low blood pressure. Hypotension or low blood pressure means that blood pressure that circulates around the body is less than normal or less than expected according to the environment. Hypotension is, however, a relative term a person may have low blood pressure but may be perfectly healthy, compared to others with similar physical characteristics.
Low blood pressure in healthy people without symptoms is normally not an issue and need not be treated. But low blood pressure may be a sign of an underlying problem especially in old persons where the heart, brain and other vital organs have an inadequate flow of blood.
Signs and symptoms
There is no alarm in a single less than normal reading unless you have other symptoms or problems. It is a good idea to consult your healthcare provider if you experience any dizziness, lightheadedness, nausea or other symptoms. Keep a record of your symptoms and actions during the occurrence to help with your diagnostic. Some prominent signs of hypotension are;
Dizziness or lightheadedness
Hypotension symptoms happen where either a blood volume loss because of bleeding dehydration or blood circulation because of cardiovascular disease or heart failure loss cannot be compensated by the body. In this respect, your body must either limit the peripheral blood vessels( in the brain and other vital organs) of your arms and legs or raise the heart rate so that blood is more effectively forced to pass through your blood vessels.