Very few diseases are similar to endocarditis, but endocarditis can simulate many different conditions. That’s something doctors understand, and that’s why endocarditis is an integral part of exams in the early training at medical school.
The heart has various layers, and one of them is called endocardium. The endocardium is the inner layer that covers cardiac valves and internal cavities of the heart. Endocarditis is an inflammation of the endocardium, and it is usually the result of a bloodborne infection that reaches the heart and infects susceptible areas.
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The signs and symptoms of endocarditis include the following:
It is a common symptom in almost every case of infection. Endocarditis is often the result of an infectious process that releases cytokines to the bloodstream and starts an inflammatory reaction that increases body temperature. This is a natural way the body has to fight the invader pathogen, and it is regulated by the brain. Endocarditis often produces mild fever, and it rarely goes higher than 101°F.