A skin rash, allergies, and respiratory symptoms are health problems commonly experienced by children. Older adults suffer from chronic disease, but children are usually affected by food intolerance, influenza, and asthma. Out of many health problems in children, asthma is one of the most concerning for parents. You want the best for your child and feel afraid of him running out of air or gasping to breathe. It is one of the most common causes of recurrent visits to the emergency room by children accompanied by their parents.
Many asthmatic patients stop having episodes as an adult, but others are not so lucky. They keep experiencing wheezing and breathing problems despite growing older. That’s why in this article, we address asthma with a particular focus on signs and symptoms that require immediate attention. We’re also describing what you can do at home to prevent a future asthma episode and when experiencing mild symptoms.
What is asthma?
Asthma is a long-term health condition of the lungs that obstructs the airways. There’s inflammation in the airways, and they become narrow. As such, breathing becomes more difficult, and a characteristic sound develops.
This disease affects people of all ages, but it usually starts in children and improves as children grow into adult men and women. It causes cough, wheezing, and a tight chest sensation, as we will describe in the signs and symptoms section. These symptoms can be very mild or disturbing and very severe, and patients can have an episode every once in a while or every day, depending on their condition.
In most cases, asthma has a trigger, and it is usually related to allergies. But even low temperatures and other environmental settings can also trigger the symptoms. Thus, part of the treatment is discovering the trigger, avoiding future episodes, and using rescue medicines when these episodes develop.
Many people live with asthma, and it is not usually a dangerous condition. It affects 26 million people only in the United States, and it is the most common chronic disease in children. As such, multiple education and prevention campaigns are held, and most doctors are trained to identify and treat asthma episodes.